The Association of College and Research Libraries' "Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education" is organized into six frames. Each frame is reflective of central information literacy concepts and knowledge practices.
"Information resources reflect their creators’ expertise and credibility, and are evaluated based on the information need and the context in which the information will be used. Authority is constructed in that various communities may recognize different types of authority. It is contextual in that the information need may help to determine the level of authority required."
"Information in any format is produced to convey a message and is shared via a selected delivery method. The iterative processes of researching, creating, revising, and disseminating information vary, and the resulting product reflects these differences."
"Information possesses several dimensions of value, including as a commodity, as a means of education, as a means to influence, and as a means of negotiating and understanding the world. Legal and socioeconomic interests influence information production and dissemination."
"Research is iterative and depends upon asking increasingly complex or new questions whose answers in turn develop additional questions or lines of inquiry in any field."
"Communities of scholars, researchers, or professionals engage in sustained discourse with new insights and discoveries occurring over time as a result of varied perspectives and interpretations."
"Searching for information is often nonlinear and iterative, requiring the evaluation of a range of information sources and the mental flexibility to pursue alternate avenues as new understanding develops."
Engagement with the information landscape is an essential element of scholarly and creative practice. When we develop the tools to approach information critically, ethically, and contextually, we're better able to navigate the complexities of subjects that matter to us.
Scholarly and creative activity are parallel processes. Both require engagement with information, or research, and both geminate from an initial spark of curiosity. By exploring, refining, and synthesizing information sources relevant to our interests, we participate in the inherently social process of knowledge creation and meaning-making.