Metaliteracy and metacognition necessitate the integration of critical self-reflection in scaffolded information literacy instruction and ethical information engagement.
Metaliteracy “expands the scope of traditional information skills (determine, access, locate, understand, produce, and use information) to include the collaborative production and sharing of information in participatory digital environments (collaborate, produce, and share)” ("Framework").
Image source: University Libraries Faculty Scholarship
Metacognition “is an awareness and understanding of one’s own thought processes. It focuses on how people learn and process information, taking into consideration people’s awareness of how they learn" ("Framework").
Bloom’s Taxonomy is an effective model for mapping scaffolded educational goals. Its 2001 revision provides a related taxonomy of knowledge types involved in cognition, inclusive of metacognition.
Image source: Iowa State University
Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is defined as “a scientifically valid framework for guiding educational practice that —(A) provides flexibility in the ways information is presented, in the ways students respond or demonstrate knowledge and skills, and in the ways students are engaged; and (B) reduces barriers in instruction, provides appropriate accommodations, supports, and challenges, and maintains high achievement expectations for all students, including students with disabilities and students who are limited English proficient.” Within this framework, instruction is implemented across various modalities, creating opportunities for multimodal engagement.
Image source: CAST
A play pedagogy invites students to experiment, explore, and otherwise approach research questions creatively, without the impositions of perfectionism or fear of failure. When scholarship is framed as a creative process, research can be understood as a playful journey of discovery that meaningfully parallels the experience of artmaking.
Play as a constructivist and participatory concept can also be utilized as a means of providing critical library instruction. After Paolo Freire’s antihierarchical pedagogy toward a “critical consciousness,” a playful instructional approach can serve to empower students to participate in their education, contribute their voices and perspectives, and ultimately challenge oppressive or violent structures within and beyond their academic milieu. Play invites students to experiment, call into question the status quo, and reimagine the rules that govern their worlds.
In praxis, a play pedagogy can involve:
Critical librarianship “takes an ethical and political approach to library work, using critical theory to expose and question the historical, political, and social bases of our assumptions and practices." By engaging in critical librarianship, library instructors model the thoughtful metacognitive behavior they encourage in their students.
In praxis, critical information literacy instruction can involve: